Emergency rooms are the place to go for life threatening and serious injuries, however, a large portion of patients that go there could be treated in a more comprehensive and cost-effective fashion in a doctor’s office. If you think you or a loved one has a non-life threatening injury such as a sprain or broken bone, you may not need to rush to the hospital emergency room. Advanced Orthopedics and Sports Medicine Institute’s orthopedic surgeons specializing in the treatment of pediatric and adult fractures and injuries in NJ have experience with all types of fractures. And with the use of onsite X-ray machines, we can see to your injuries promptly.
A fracture is a break of bone or cartilage, often accompanied by damage to the surrounding soft tissues. Fractures occur when the force applied to a bone exceeds its strength. The signs of a fracture can include swelling, tenderness, pain with use of the affected area, and in more severe injuries, deformity or open wounds. When you have broken bones, doctor diagnosis and treatment is required immediately in order to avoid permanent damage.
Common Conditions Treated
Injury or trauma is the most frequent cause of fracture, but conditions that weaken the bone, such as osteoporosis (reduced bone density) can make your bones prone to breaking. Injuries can be caused by low-energy impacts such as a fall from standing or sitting, or high-energy impacts like a car accident or fall from a height (from a ladder, for instance). Other types of fractures include:
- Pathologic fractures – Bone affected by a osteoporosis, tumor or infection
- Stress fractures – Normal bone subjected to abnormal or unaccustomed stress
- Open fractures – Bone fractures that break through the skin, exposing the bone
X-rays are the first diagnostic test, and often can diagnose a fracture and direct treatment. If further detail is needed, CT scans, which can give a three-dimensional picture of the fracture, can be used. Sometimes a fracture isn’t evident on regular X-rays, but if suspected, a magnetic scan called an MRI may be necessary. Bone scans also can be used to diagnose a fracture, particularly if you have a pacemaker, or other metallic implants, and can’t undergo an MRI.
Once the fracture is diagnosed and a non-operative treatment can be implemented, the fracture will be:
- Immobilized using a cast, brace or splint
- Possible reduction or manipulation of the fracture back to the correct alignment may be needed prior to immobilization
Common Surgical Procedures
- Internal fixation – Stabilization of the fracture with metal plates, screws, pins, wires or rods
- Open reduction – Broken bones are realigned after opening up the fracture
- Emergent treatment for open fractures (bone breaks skin) – Thorough rinsing of the fracture and stabilization
To learn more about the Spine Surgeons at AOSMI, contact us today.