Tendonitis, a condition in which the tissue connecting the muscle and bone becomes inflamed, a painful issue that impacts many. A tendon, a tough and flexible band of fibrous tissue, can become inflamed when movement of the tendon becomes impaired. There are numerous reasons for the development of tendonitis, with the most common causes being overuse and old age. Diagnosis is completed through a physical examination while X-rays and MRI’s are used if underlying problems are suspected to be present. Symptoms include tenderness directly on the tendon, swelling, and pain with movement.
In the treatment of tendonitis, there are multiple steps one can take for relief and improvement. Listed below are different treatment methods.
- Application of Ice. Ice helps control inflammation and decrease swelling.
- Anti-Inflammatory Medications/Gels. These medications also decrease swelling and help to alleviate pain.
- Cortisone Injections. If symptoms continue, cortisone may be injected directly into the site of inflammation, which can help in situations when rest is ineffective.
- Physical Therapy. When medications and injections do not work, physical therapy is used. Strengthening exercises may also assist with pain caused by tendonitis.
- Rest. For the inflamed tendon to heal, there must be a break from vigorous activity and exercise, which may mean a break from favorite activities.
Tendonitis often affects elbows, wrists, shoulders, hips, knees, and ankles, causing intense pain for sufferers of the condition. With these painful effects, it is imperative to seek assistance. An orthopedic specialist can help individuals through the treatment process.